Ketosis and Pregnancy Toxemia in Goats

What is Ketosis and Pregnancy Toxemia in goats?

According to Dr. Mikelle Roeder, Ph. D., Multi-species Nutritionist at Purina Mills, Inc:

Pregnancy toxemia and ketosis pose threats to goat health during late gestation and early lactation. These diseases are often seen in high milk producing animals. Proper Nutrition and management during and after gestation helps reduce the risk of these goat’s health challenges. 

Causes of pregnancy toxemia and ketosis

Pregnancy toxemia and ketosis typically occur during late-term pregnancy and at the onset of lactation. During this life stage, goats need considerable nutritional energy. Energy requirements are compounded in a doe carrying multiple fetuses because the kids compress the rumen and the doe simply cannot be physically easy enough to meet energy needs. Consequently, the doe must call on body fat reserves for energy. The breakdown of large amounts of fat can result in compounds called ketones in the blood. Ketones can have a toxic effect in large concentrations.

Early symptoms of pregnancy toxemia and ketosis in goats include apathy, poor appetite, a decrease in milk production (if the goat is milking), a rough hair coat and disorientation. 

How to manage ketosis and pregnancy toxemia in goats

Feed more energy to the late-term pregnant and early-lactation doe to help address ketosis and pregnancy toxemia. When fed in the right amount, grain is much higher in energy compared to forages and will take up less room in the rumen. Gradually increase the grain portion of the diet and reduce the hay portion. If this is done too quickly the rumen ph could change rapidly and lead to more problems. Feeding some of the forage in pelleted form and providing more frequent. Smaller meals will help maintain dietary fiber levels in a lower volume of goat feed.

A small amount of fat (such as corn oil) in the goat feed will also help increase energy intake. Some producers give their does a little honey or molasses right after they give birth to provide immediate carbohydrate energy. Remember to consult your veterinarian before administering this type of feeding program to ensure optimal goat nutrition.

Keep good records so you know which ones are prone to ketosis or pregnancy toxemia. Some does sail through pregnancy and lactation without problems and might put on unneeded fat if given extra energy in their feed. 

Burns Feed Store stocks several processed goat feeds, pelletized forage products and baled hay for all of you goats nutritional needs. 

Heritage Rhode Island Reds

Add this beautiful bird into your flock this year! Heritage Rhode Island Reds are an old-time American breed that is closely resembling to the Rhode Island Reds, but their plumage is considerably darker. These chickens are the most successful dual-purpose bird and remains an excellent farm chicken. They lay 200-300 eggs a year starting as early as 6 months of age. Their eggs are brown and medium to large in size.

The hens of this breed weigh over 6 pounds and the rooster over 8 pounds. The Heritage Rhode Island Reds is known for its hardiness and its ability to handle marginal conditions while still producing eggs. Some roosters may be aggressive at times. Most hens are peaceful and can become broody except within the strains that have been heavily selected for egg production.

We have these chicks coming in 5 times through out our chick season. Check out the schedule to see when you can pick up yours!

Blue Cuckoo Marans

Try something new in your flock! The Blue Cuckoo Marans is a rare and beautiful breed. The barring is more obvious on roosters, and hackle (neck) feathers will tend to be darker than the rest of the body. Like most Marans, the Blue Cuckoo is docile and gentle. They tend to be more on the shy side as well. The body shape is stately; not too large, not too thin, and with an upright posture. Blue Cuckoo Marans are good layers with eggs that are medium to large in size and a medium-brown color.

Don’t miss out on this wonderful breed this spring! Take a look at the chick schedule to see when we will have them available and call or email us to reserve yours today!


Equine Gastric Support

Equine Gastric Support Available At Burns Feed Store

Purina Outlast Gastric Support Supplement

Purina Outlast Gastric Support Supplement is formulated to support gastric health and proper pH. It is estimated that up to 90 percent of active horses experience gastric discomfort, a­ffecting health, attitude and performance. Common activities including stall confinement, exercise, transportation, weaning and few environments such as events and shows are known to cause stress and gastric discomfort. Purina Outlast Gastric Support Supplement was developed by our Ph.D. Equine Nutritionists to support a healthy gastric environment.

Features & Benefits



Outlast supplement contains a unique blend of ingredients that are designed to support gastric balance, giving you and your horse the confidence to perform.

Designed to Support Gastric Balance

Purina’s Ph.D. Equine Nutritionists have spent hundreds of hours (and counting) researching Outlast® supplement at our state-of-the-art nutrition research farm in Missouri.

Field-tested and Horse-approved

As part of our rigorous testing process, hundreds of performance horses around the country participated in our nutrition research.

Flexible Feeding

Our research shows horses enjoy Outlast® supplement top-dressed or fed as a snack before a stressful event.

Incredible Value

Finally, while we know your horse’s comfort has no price, Outlast® supplement provides an a­ffordable tool to support your horse’s gastric health



Crude Protein                 MIN 13.00 %

Crude Fat                         MIN 1.10 %

Crude Fiber                     MAX 17.00 %

Calcium (Ca)                   MIN 4.00 %

Calcium (Ca)                   MAX 5.00 %

Phosphorus (P)              MIN 0.45 %

Neutral Detergent

Fiber (NDF)                    MAX 35.00 %

Acid Detergent

Fiber (ADF)                    MAX 21.00 %

Purina Outlast Horse Treats

Show your horses (and their bellies!) some love with Purina Outlast Horse Treats. These treats contain the Outlast Gastric Support Supplement that helps support optimal gastric pH. Purina Outlast Gastric Support Supplement has been researched at the Purina Animal Nutrition Center and is a perfect complement to any horse’s diet. Your horse will love this great-tasting treat, and you will feel great knowing that you are helping to support their gastric health.

Features & Benefits    

Gastric Support

Formulated with Outlast® Supplement to support gastric health and proper pH

Highly Palatable

Horses love the taste


Easy to feed at home or on the road

Pet Food Diets and Dilated Cardiomyopathy: DCM


Dilated Cardiomyopathy: DCM


This disease has been a hot topic of discussion for the better part of the past two years in the dog world. DCM is a disease of a dog’s heart muscle, resulting in an enlarged heart.


Initially, grain-free Pet Food diets were thought to perhaps contribute to DCM. However, after extensive research and studies, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded that there is no scientific evidence that a grain-free diet causes canine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).


Dr. Steven Solomon, director of the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, acknowledged that the “complex scientific messaging” on DCM and diet has contributed to misinterpretation about the safety of a grain-free diet. DCM impacts approximately 1 percent of dogs in the United States. Historically, DCM has been linked to genetic predispositions, but emerging science has demonstrated an array of factors that may contribute to DCM, including breed, genetics, biology, pre-existing health conditions, digestive issues, obesity, processing of key nutrients, and activity level.


Dr. Solomon’s full remarks are available online.

Mason Bees