Cattle Lice Control

These pesky bugs can wreak havoc on your herd if not taken care of promptly and properly. This week we are covering the topic of lice, go ahead and start scratching your head now.

Symptoms of lice in cattle include:

Hair loss, due to rubbing

Biting

Scratching

Lousy cattle may cause damage to your fences, yards or trees which the cattle use as rubbing posts. The coats of lousy cattle take on a rough scruffy appearance, and at times, areas of skin are rubbed raw.

If only a few animals in a herd are severely affected by lice, always look for an underlying cause. Diseased or nutritionally stressed animals will develop more severe lice infestations than healthy animals.

Insecticides can be used to treat infected cattle. However they may not be as effective on louse eggs. This means that after treatment, eggs can still hatch and continue the infestation. With some insecticides, a follow-up treatment 2–3 weeks later is necessary. This time interval is critical to achieve control, as it allows time for the eggs to hatch but not to mature into adults which will lay eggs themselves.

We carry a variety of products should a outbreak threaten your herd.

Powder:

Python Dust (Zeta_Cypermethrin)

Garden, Pet and Livestock Dust (Permethrin)

Injectable:

Noromectin (Ivermectin)

Pour-On:

Durvet Ivermectin

Eprinex

 

 

New Duck Breeds 2019

If you’re hoping to add some spice to your flock, good news, we have new duck breeds coming in this year.

Golden 300 Hybrid 

This breed was developed in 1996 to produce larger eggs, and more often. These calm, social ducks have a quiet demeanor and are rarely broody. The eggs they lay are 80% of the time white but some hens will lay blue eggs.

 

Silver Apple Yard

Described as a lighter colored mallard, these ducks grow very rapidly, lay well and make a great domestic pet. These ducks are used for both meat and egg production. They can easily grow a clutch of 10-12 eggs.

 

Duclair 

The Duclair duck is very calm in nature and very easy to tame. They are considered a good duck for the beginners and they’re very good as pets. They are good egg layers, laying about 80-100 blueish-green eggs a year. They are excellent foragers, feasting on any insects but their favorites are slugs and snails.

 

Ketosis and Pregnancy Toxemia in Goats

What are pregnancy toxemia and ketosis in goats?

Pregnancy toxemia and ketosis in goats are potentially deadly diseases that occur during late gestation and early lactation. These diseases are often (though not exclusively) seen in dairy goats, especially in good milkers. The situation occurs either very near the end of pregnancy (pregnancy toxemia) or after birth, when the goat begins milking (ketosis).

Causes

The problem is that late-term pregnancy and especially the onset of lactation require considerable energy, more than can be derived from the feed. The condition is compounded in a doe carrying multiple fetuses, because the kids compress the rumen and the doe simply cannot physically eat very much.

Consequently, the goat must call on body reserves of fat for energy. The breakdown of large amounts of fat results in compounds called ketones floating around in the blood. In large concentrations, these ketones actually have a toxic effect; the animal may develop acidosis of the blood (goat blood, like human blood, should be slightly alkaline), and if this becomes severe enough, the goat may go into a coma.

Symptoms

Early symptoms include apathy, poor appetite, a decrease in milk production (if the goat is milking), a rough hair coat, and disorientation. You will need a veterinarian to administer glucose and electrolytes immediately, as the condition can easily result in the death of the goat.

How to manage ketosis or pregnancy toxemia in goats

To address ketosis or pregnancy toxemia in goats, you must get more energy into the late-term pregnant and early-lactation doe. Gradually increase the concentrate (grain) portion of the diet and reduce the hay portion (remember, you don’t want to change the rumen pH too fast). The grain is much higher in energy and will take up much less room in the rumen. A small amount of fat (such as corn oil) on the feed will also help increase energy intake. Feeding some of the forage in pelleted form will help to maintain dietary fiber levels in a smaller volume of feed. Providing more frequent and smaller meals will also help. Some people give their does a little honey or molasses right after they give birth to provide some immediate carbohydrate energy. Remember to consult with your veterinarian before administering this type of a feeding program.

Keep good records so that you know which does are prone to ketosis or pregnancy toxemia, as some does sail through pregnancy and lactation without problems and might actually get fat if given extra energy in their feed.

Grass Tetany

Grass Tetany in cattle can be a springtime problem here in Western Oregon and Washington.  The cool season grasses grow so fast that Magnesium (a required mineral) doesn’t develop in the tender grass shoots and therefore is deficient in the diet of grazing cattle.  Magnesium deficiency causes Grass Tetany which can be fatal.

 

Magnesium supplementation for cattle on springtime grass pastures is a must.  We have the following 3 main supplement forms here at Burns Feed Store.

 

Loose Mineral:             Purina Wind & Rain Storm NW Hi Mag 4 Complete 50 lbs.

 

Mineral Block:              Sweetlix Mol-Mag pressed Block 40 lbs.

 

Mineral Tub:                 Purina Rangeland Hi Mag Tub 250 lbs.

 

Each of these products provide full daily requirements of vitamins,

minerals and salt.  No additional salt is required.

 

It is recommended that Magnesium supplementation begin before

Spring grasses begin their growth spurt.