Vaccinating Goats Against Enterotoxemia and Tetanus

Generally it is advised that goats are vaccinated against overeating disease (enterotoxemia) and Tetanus.  Both of these diseases are caused by clostridal bacteria present in the animal’s environment. Vaccinating for these diseases provide protection and are considered part of herd preventive and decrease cost because one vaccine is considered to provide protection for both diseases.

There are many different signs associated with over eating disease. Goats can be found dead. Other signs include being down, and/or having neurological signs. These can include twitching, star gazing, teeth grinding, fever, swollen stomach, diarrhea with blood, convulsions and death within a few hours.

Signs of tetanus include stiff muscles, spasms, flared nostrils, erect/stiff ears  and elevated tail. In addition , the affected animals have a difficult time opening their mouths, so the term lock jaw has been given to the disease. Animals can be hyper-responsive to stimuli. Eventually animals go down and die.

The vaccine that should be given is a C-D-T or a 3-way. Clostridium Perfringens Types C and D plus Tetanus Toxoid (labeled for goats)

Give the vaccine in the sub-cutaneous in the neck, pinch loose skin between your thumb and index finger high on the neck, as close to the head as possible. Or it can be given behind the front leg in the armpit area, or between the chest and a front leg.

 

New Breeds of Geese

We have new breeds of geese coming in 2019!

Buff Saddle Back Pomeranian 

Pomeranian Geese average 16 pounds in weight and lay about 70 eggs a season although some varieties may produce less. They have flattened heads, stout necks, prominent breasts, rounded bodies and what has been described as an “arrogant” bearing. They make good watch birds as they tend to greet visitors noisily.

Grey Saddle Back Pomeranian 

The Pomeranian is a medium weight breed which originated in Germany. They are a fine meat bird and are also a fair producer of white eggs. They have a unique feather coloring pattern and have a reddish/pink bill, orange/red legs and orange/red feet.

 

In addition to these new breeds will continue to sell African, Buff, Embden, Toulouse and White Chinese.

Fly Season is Upon Us

Spring is coming and with it comes warmer weather, sunshine and….flies! Most of us are pretty experienced when it comes to fighting these winged pests. Changing your fly control strategies every year is a good idea. Here’s a brief overview of the species that might appear and what you can do to protect your horses from them.

Stable Flies look like house flies but they inflict painful bites, most often on a horses legs, but also on the belly, face and neck. They can be found around livestock practically anywhere in the country, but they will reach their peak in warmer climates, especially in hotter, wetter weather. Stable flies prefer bright sunny areas and tend not to enter dark enclosures.

Horseflies and Deerflies inflict painful bites that bleed. Deerflies tend to attack the head and neck, smaller horseflies bite on legs, and the larger ones feed on the horse’s back. These types of flies lay their eggs in moist soil or vegetation near ponds, marshes and other bodies of water. Some may travel as far as 30 miles in search of blood meals. Horsefly and deerfly species prefer bright sunlight on hot, still days.

Horn flies tend to congregate on the horse’s belly, where a single fly may bite multiple times before flying off.  On cooler days, they may also feed on the neck, shoulders and back. Horn flies are normally found near cattle, and they lay their eggs in fresh cow manure, but they will affect horses in shared or adjoining pastures.

Blackflies inflict painful bites, usually on sparsely haired areas, such as the ears and genitals. Although they can be found as far south as Florida, blackflies are notorious pests up north. They are most abundant in forested areas and slow moving waterways, such as streams, lakes or canals, in which they lay their eggs. They feed primarily on bright, sunny days and prefer not to fly into dark enclosures.

Face flies do not bite, but they congregate on the face to feed on saliva, tears and mucus. Face flies prefer cattle, and breed only in cow manure, but they will also land on horses pastured within a quarter mile. They are most active in the spring and summer but not in hot, dry weather.

Culicoides (biting midges, biting gnats, no-see-ums) attack different parts of the horse, depending on the species, but the more common ones tend to bite at the tail head, ears, mane, withers and rump; others go for the belly. Although the individual flies are tiny, they form dense swarms that inflict many bites at once. These flies breed in wet places such as slow, still streams, marshes and rotting vegetation, and are most active just after sunset.

Burns Feed Store has you covered, or your horse covered as far as fly control goes. We stock the following options:

  • Insecticidal/repellent sprays ● repellent lotions/roll-ons ● spot-applied permethrin products ● fly sheets ● fly masks ● feed-through fly control ● dusts ● fly traps ● feed-through blocks